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Overview

Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate gland where they may not cause serious harm, so it’s important to detect and treat it early.

Symptoms

Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages, but more advanced stages may cause signs and symptoms such as:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Bone pain
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Erectile dysfunction

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase the risk of prostate cancer include:

  • Older age
  • Race – for reasons not yet determined, Black people have a greater risk of prostate cancer
  • Family history

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