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Veins have valves in them that open and close in your legs to help facilitate blood back to the heart. When those valves malfunction and become leaky or don’t close all the way, then bulging with varicose veins is noticed.

Sometimes unsightly and painful, varicose veins can become a real health problem that requires treatment. Usually located in the legs, varicose veins show noticeable enlargement due to the pressure caused by increased blood flow and prolonged standing and sitting postures. Certain circumstances such as prolonged sitting or standing and pregnancy can damage leaflet valves in your veins, which help blood flow from your extremities to your heart. When these valves don’t work properly, blood can flow backward, causing veins to become enlarged and painful.


Typical symptoms for varicose veins include:

  • Achy pain
  • Heaviness
  • Swelling or bulging
  • Dark blue, purple or red veins
  • Occasional numbness
  • Tingling
  • Itching near or above the skin

Risk Factors

Your risk of developing varicose veins is increased by risk factors that include:

  • Age
  • Gender – women are more likely to develop the condition
  • Pregnancy
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time

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